Skip to content
Icon

WARNING You're browsing the documentation for an upcoming version of Laravel. The documentation and features of this release are subject to change.

Encryption

Introduction

Laravel's encryption services provide a simple, convenient interface for encrypting and decrypting text via OpenSSL using AES-256 and AES-128 encryption. All of Laravel's encrypted values are signed using a message authentication code (MAC) so that their underlying value can not be modified or tampered with once encrypted.

Configuration

Before using Laravel's encrypter, you must set the key configuration option in your config/app.php configuration file. This configuration value is driven by the APP_KEY environment variable. You should use the php artisan key:generate command to generate this variable's value since the key:generate command will use PHP's secure random bytes generator to build a cryptographically secure key for your application. Typically, the value of the APP_KEY environment variable will be generated for you during Laravel's installation.

Using The Encrypter

Encrypting A Value

You may encrypt a value using the encryptString method provided by the Crypt facade. All encrypted values are encrypted using OpenSSL and the AES-256-CBC cipher. Furthermore, all encrypted values are signed with a message authentication code (MAC). The integrated message authentication code will prevent the decryption of any values that have been tampered with by malicious users:

<?php

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use App\Http\Controllers\Controller;
use App\Models\User;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Crypt;

class DigitalOceanTokenController extends Controller
{
    /**
     * Store a DigitalOcean API token for the user.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function storeSecret(Request $request)
    {
        $request->user()->fill([
            'token' => Crypt::encryptString($request->token),
        ])->save();
    }
}

Decrypting A Value

You may decrypt values using the decryptString method provided by the Crypt facade. If the value can not be properly decrypted, such as when the message authentication code is invalid, an Illuminate\Contracts\Encryption\DecryptException will be thrown:

use Illuminate\Contracts\Encryption\DecryptException;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Crypt;

try {
    $decrypted = Crypt::decryptString($encryptedValue);
} catch (DecryptException $e) {
    //
}