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Upgrade Guide

Upgrading To 5.7.0 From 5.6

Estimated Upgrade Time: 10 - 15 Minutes

{note} We attempt to document every possible breaking change. Since some of these breaking changes are in obscure parts of the framework only a portion of these changes may actually affect your application.

Updating Dependencies

Update your laravel/framework dependency to 5.7.* in your composer.json file.

If you are using Laravel Passport, you should update your laravel/passport dependency to ^7.0 in your composer.json file.

Of course, don't forget to examine any 3rd party packages consumed by your application and verify you are using the proper version for Laravel 5.7 support.

Application

The register Method

Likelihood Of Impact: Very Low

The unused options argument of the Illuminate\Foundation\Application class' register method has been removed. If you are overriding this method, you should update your method's signature:

/**
 * Register a service provider with the application.
 *
 * @param  \Illuminate\Support\ServiceProvider|string  $provider
 * @param  bool   $force
 * @return \Illuminate\Support\ServiceProvider
 */
public function register($provider, $force = false);

Artisan

Scheduled Job Connection & Queues

Likelihood Of Impact: Low

The $schedule->job method now respects the queue and connection properties on the job class if a connection / job is not explicitly passed into the job method.

Generally, this should be considered a bug fix; however, it is listed as a breaking change out of caution. Please let us know if you encounter any issues surrounding this change.

Assets

Asset Directory Flattened

Likelihood Of Impact: None

For new Laravel 5.7 applications, the assets directory that contains the scripts and styles has been flattened into the resources directory. This will not affect existing applications and does not require changes to your existing applications.

However, if you wish to make this change, you should move all files from the resources/assets/* directory up one level:

Then, update any reference to the old directories in your webpack.mix.js file:

mix.js('resources/js/app.js', 'public/js')
   .sass('resources/sass/app.scss', 'public/css');

Authentication

The Authenticate Middleware

Likelihood Of Impact: Low

The authenticate method of the Illuminate\Auth\Middleware\Authenticate middleware has been updated to accept the incoming $request as its first argument. If you are overriding this method in your own Authenticate middleware, you should update your middleware's signature:

/**
 * Determine if the user is logged in to any of the given guards.
 *
 * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
 * @param  array  $guards
 * @return void
 *
 * @throws \Illuminate\Auth\AuthenticationException
 */
protected function authenticate($request, array $guards)

The ResetsPasswords Trait

Likelihood Of Impact: Low

The protected sendResetResponse method of the ResetsPasswords trait now accepts the incoming Illuminate\Http\Request as its first argument. If you are overriding this method, you should update your method's signature:

/**
 * Get the response for a successful password reset.
 *
 * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
 * @param  string  $response
 * @return \Illuminate\Http\RedirectResponse|\Illuminate\Http\JsonResponse
 */
protected function sendResetResponse(Request $request, $response)

The SendsPasswordResetEmails Trait

Likelihood Of Impact: Low

The protected sendResetLinkResponse method of the SendsPasswordResetEmails trait now accepts the incoming Illuminate\Http\Request as its first argument. If you are overriding this method, you should update your method's signature:

/**
 * Get the response for a successful password reset link.
 *
 * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
 * @param  string  $response
 * @return \Illuminate\Http\RedirectResponse|\Illuminate\Http\JsonResponse
 */
protected function sendResetLinkResponse(Request $request, $response)

Authorization

The Gate Contract

Likelihood Of Impact: Very Low

The raw method was changed from protected to public visibility. In addition, it was added to the Illuminate\Contracts\Auth\Access\Gate contract:

/**
 * Get the raw result from the authorization callback.
 *
 * @param  string  $ability
 * @param  array|mixed  $arguments
 * @return mixed
 */
public function raw($ability, $arguments = []);

If you are implementing this interface, you should add this method to your implementation.

The Login Event

Likelihood Of Impact: Very Low

The __construct method of Illuminate\Auth\Events\Login event has a new $guard argument:

/**
 * Create a new event instance.
 *
 * @param  string  $guard
 * @param  \Illuminate\Contracts\Auth\Authenticatable  $user
 * @param  bool  $remember
 * @return void
 */
public function __construct($guard, $user, $remember)

If you are dispatching this event manually within your application, you'll need to pass this new argument into the event's constructor. The following example passes the default framework guard to the Login event:

use Illuminate\Auth\Events\Login;

event(new Login(config('auth.defaults.guard'), $user, $remember))

Blade

The or Operator

Likelihood Of Impact: High

The Blade "or" operator has been removed in favor of PHP's built-in ?? "null coalesce" operator, which has the same purpose and functionality:

// Laravel 5.6...
{{ $foo or 'default' }}

// Laravel 5.7...
{{ $foo ?? 'default' }}

Cache

Likelihood Of Impact: Very High

A new data directory has been added to storage/framework/cache. You should create this directory in your own application:

mkdir -p storage/framework/cache/data

Then, add a .gitignore file to the newly created data directory:

cp storage/framework/cache/.gitignore storage/framework/cache/data/.gitignore

Finally, ensure that the storage/framework/cache/.gitignore file is updated as follows:

*
!data/
!.gitignore

Carbon

Likelihood Of Impact: Very Low

Carbon "macros" are now handled by the Carbon library directly instead of Laravel's extension of the library. We do not expect this to break your code; however, please make us aware of any problems you encounter related to this change.

Collections

The split Method

Likelihood Of Impact: Low

The split method has been updated to always return the requested number of "groups", unless the total number of items in the original collection is less than the requested collection count. Generally, this should be considered a bug fix; however, it is listed as a breaking change out of caution.

Cookie

Factory Contract Method Signature

Likelihood Of Impact: Very Low

The signatures of the make and forever methods of the Illuminate\Contracts\Cookie\Factory interface have been changed. If you are implementing this interface, you should update these methods in your implementation.

Database

The softDeletesTz Migration Method

Likelihood Of Impact: Low

The schema table builder's softDeletesTz method now accepts the column name as its first argument, while the $precision has been moved to the second argument position:

/**
 * Add a "deleted at" timestampTz for the table.
 *
 * @param  string  $column
 * @param  int  $precision
 * @return \Illuminate\Support\Fluent
 */
public function softDeletesTz($column = 'deleted_at', $precision = 0)

The ConnectionInterface Contract

Likelihood Of Impact: Very Low

The Illuminate\Contracts\Database\ConnectionInterface contract's select and selectOne method signatures have been updated to accommodate the new $useReadPdo argument:

/**
 * Run a select statement and return a single result.
 *
 * @param  string  $query
 * @param  array   $bindings
 * @param  bool  $useReadPdo
 * @return mixed
 */
public function selectOne($query, $bindings = [], $useReadPdo = true);

/**
 * Run a select statement against the database.
 *
 * @param  string  $query
 * @param  array   $bindings
 * @param  bool  $useReadPdo
 * @return array
 */
public function select($query, $bindings = [], $useReadPdo = true);

In addition, the cursor method was added to the contract:

/**
 * Run a select statement against the database and returns a generator.
 *
 * @param  string  $query
 * @param  array  $bindings
 * @param  bool  $useReadPdo
 * @return \Generator
 */
public function cursor($query, $bindings = [], $useReadPdo = true);

If you are implementing this interface, you should add this method to your implementation.

Migration Command Output

Likelihood Of Impact: Very Low

The core migration commands have been updated to set the output instance on the migrator class. If you were overriding or extending the migration commands, you should remove references to $this->migrator->getNotes() and use $this->migrator->setOutput($this->output) instead.

SQL Server Driver Priority

Likelihood Of Impact: Low

Prior to Laravel 5.7, the PDO_DBLIB driver was used as the default SQL Server PDO driver. This driver is considered deprecated by Microsoft. As of Laravel 5.7, PDO_SQLSRV will be used as the default driver if it is available. Alternatively, you may choose to use the PDO_ODBC driver:

'sqlsrv' => [
    // ...
    'odbc' => true,
    'odbc_datasource_name' => 'your-odbc-dsn',
],

If neither of these drivers are available, Laravel will use the PDO_DBLIB driver.

SQLite Foreign Keys

Likelihood Of Impact: Medium

SQLite does not support dropping foreign keys. For that reason, using the dropForeign method on a table now throws an exception. Generally, this should be considered a bug fix; however, it is listed as a breaking change out of caution.

If you run your migrations on multiple types of databases, consider using DB::getDriverName() in your migrations to skip unsupported foreign key methods for SQLite.

Debug

Dumper Classes

Likelihood Of Impact: Very Low

The Illuminate\Support\Debug\Dumper and Illuminate\Support\Debug\HtmlDumper classes have been removed in favor of using Symfony's native variable dumpers: Symfony\Component\VarDumper\VarDumper and Symfony\Component\VarDumper\Dumper\HtmlDumper.

Eloquent

The latest / oldest Methods

Likelihood Of Impact: Low

The Eloquent query builder's latest and oldest methods have been updated to respect custom "created at" timestamp columns that may be specified on your Eloquent models. Generally, this should be considered a bug fix; however, it is listed as a breaking change out of caution.

The wasChanged Method

Likelihood Of Impact: Very Low

An Eloquent model's changes are now available to the wasChanged method before firing the updated model event. Generally, this should be considered a bug fix; however, it is listed as a breaking change out of caution. Please let us know if you encounter any issues surrounding this change.

PostgreSQL Special Float Values

Likelihood Of Impact: Low

PostgreSQL supports the float values Infinity, -Infinity and NaN. Prior to Laravel 5.7, these were cast to 0 when the Eloquent casting type for the column was float, double, or real.

As of Laravel 5.7, these values will be cast to the corresponding PHP constants INF, -INF, and NAN.

Email Verification

Likelihood Of Impact: Optional

If you choose to use Laravel's new email verification services, you will need to add additional scaffolding to your application. First, add the VerificationController to your application: App\Http\Controllers\Auth\VerificationController.

You will also need to modify your App\User model to implement the MustVerifyEmail contract:

<?php

namespace App;

use Illuminate\Notifications\Notifiable;
use Illuminate\Contracts\Auth\MustVerifyEmail;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Auth\User as Authenticatable;

class User extends Authenticatable implements MustVerifyEmail
{
    use Notifiable;

    // ...
}

In order to use the verified middleware so that only verified users may access a given route, you will need to update the $routeMiddleware property of your app/Http/Kernel.php file to include the new middleware:

// Within App\Http\Kernel Class...

protected $routeMiddleware = [
    'auth' => \Illuminate\Auth\Middleware\Authenticate::class,
    'auth.basic' => \Illuminate\Auth\Middleware\AuthenticateWithBasicAuth::class,
    'bindings' => \Illuminate\Routing\Middleware\SubstituteBindings::class,
    'can' => \Illuminate\Auth\Middleware\Authorize::class,
    'guest' => \App\Http\Middleware\RedirectIfAuthenticated::class,
    'throttle' => \Illuminate\Routing\Middleware\ThrottleRequests::class,
    'verified' => \Illuminate\Auth\Middleware\EnsureEmailIsVerified::class,
];

You will also need the verification view stub. This view should be placed at resources/views/auth/verify.blade.php. You may obtain the view's contents on GitHub.

Next, your user table must contain an email_verified_at column to store the date and time that the email address was verified:

$table->timestamp('email_verified_at')->nullable();

In order to send the email when a user is registered, you should register following events and listeners in your App\Providers\EventServiceProvider class:

use Illuminate\Auth\Events\Registered;
use Illuminate\Auth\Listeners\SendEmailVerificationNotification;

/**
 * The event listener mappings for the application.
 *
 * @var array
 */
protected $listen = [
    Registered::class => [
        SendEmailVerificationNotification::class,
    ],
];

Finally, when calling the Auth::routes method, you should pass the verify option to the method:

Auth::routes(['verify' => true]);

Filesystem

Filesystem Contract Methods

Likelihood Of Impact: Low

The readStream and writeStream methods have been added to the Illuminate\Contracts\Filesystem\Filesystem contract. If you are implementing this interface, you should add these methods to your implementation.

Hashing

Hash::check Method

Likelihood Of Impact: None

The check method now optionally checks if the algorithm of the hash matches the configured algorithm.

Mail

Mailable Dynamic Variable Casing

Likelihood Of Impact: Medium

Variables that are dynamically passed to mailable views are now automatically "camel cased", which makes mailable dynamic variable behavior consistent with dynamic view variables. Dynamic mailable variables are not a documented Laravel feature, so likelihood of impact to your application is low.

Template Theme

Likelihood Of Impact: Medium

If you have customized the default theme styles used for Markdown mailable templates, you will need to re-publish and make your customizations again. The button color classes have been renamed from 'blue', 'green', and 'red' to 'primary', 'success', and 'error'.

Queue

QUEUE_DRIVER Environment Variable

Likelihood Of Impact: Very Low

The QUEUE_DRIVER environment variable has been renamed to QUEUE_CONNECTION. This should not affect existing applications that you are upgrading unless you intentionally modify your config/queue.php configuration file to match Laravel 5.7's.

Routing

The Route::redirect Method

Likelihood Of Impact: High

The Route::redirect method now returns a 302 HTTP status code redirect. The permanentRedirect method has been added to allow 301 redirects.

// Return a 302 redirect...
Route::redirect('/foo', '/bar');

// Return a 301 redirect...
Route::redirect('/foo', '/bar', 301);

// Return a 301 redirect...
Route::permanentRedirect('/foo', '/bar');

The addRoute Method

Likelihood Of Impact: Low

The addRoute method of the Illuminate\Routing\Router class has been changed from protected to public.

Validation

Nested Validation Data

Likelihood Of Impact: Medium

In previous versions of Laravel, the validate method did not return the correct data for nested validation rules. This has been corrected in Laravel 5.7:

$data = Validator::make([
    'person' => [
        'name' => 'Taylor',
        'job' => 'Developer'
    ]
], ['person.name' => 'required'])->validate();

dump($data);

// Prior Behavior...
['person' => ['name' => 'Taylor', 'job' => 'Developer']]

// New Behavior...
['person' => ['name' => 'Taylor']]

The Validator Contract

Likelihood Of Impact: Very Low

The validate method was added to the Illuminate\Contracts\Validation\Validator contract:

/**
 * Run the validator's rules against its data.
 *
 * @return array
 */
public function validate();

If you are implementing this interface, you should add this method to your implementation.

Testing

Likelihood of Impact: Medium

Laravel 5.7 introduces improved testing tools for Artisan commands. By default, Artisan command output is now mocked. If you are relying on the artisan method to run commands as part of your test, you should use Artisan::call or define public $mockConsoleOutput = false as a property in your test class.

Miscellaneous

We also encourage you to view the changes in the laravel/laravel GitHub repository. While many of these changes are not required, you may wish to keep these files in sync with your application. Some of these changes will be covered in this upgrade guide, but others, such as changes to configuration files or comments, will not be. You can easily view the changes with the GitHub comparison tool and choose which updates are important to you.