Laravel strives to make the entire PHP development experience delightful, including your local development environment. Vagrant provides a simple, elegant way to manage and provision Virtual Machines.
Laravel Homestead is an official, pre-packaged Vagrant "box" that provides you a wonderful development environment without requiring you to install PHP, a web server, and any other server software on your local machine. No more worrying about messing up your operating system! Vagrant boxes are completely disposable. If something goes wrong, you can destroy and re-create the box in minutes!
Homestead runs on any Windows, Mac, and Linux, and includes the Nginx web server, PHP 5.5, MySQL, Postgres, Redis, Memcached and all of the other goodies you need to develop amazing Laravel applications.
Homestead is currently built and tested using Vagrant 1.6.
- Ubuntu 14.04
- PHP 5.5
- Node (With Bower, Grunt, and Gulp)
- Laravel Envoy
- Fabric + HipChat Extension
Installation & Setup
Installing VirtualBox & Vagrant
Adding The Vagrant Box
Once VirtualBox and Vagrant have been installed, you should add the
laravel/homestead box to your Vagrant installation using the following command in your terminal. It will take a few minutes to download the box, depending on your Internet connection speed:
vagrant box add laravel/homestead
Clone The Homestead Repository
Once the box has been added to your Vagrant installation, you should clone or download this repository. Consider cloning the repository into a central
Homestead directory where you keep all of your Laravel projects, as the Homestead box will serve as the host to all of your Laravel (and PHP) projects.
git clone https://github.com/laravel/homestead.git Homestead
Set Your SSH Key
Next, you should edit the
Homestead.yaml file included in the repository. In this file, you can configure the path to your public SSH key, as well as the folders you wish to be shared between your main machine and the Homestead virtual machine.
Don't have an SSH key? On Mac and Linux, you can generally create an SSH key pair using the following command:
ssh-keygen -t rsa -C "firstname.lastname@example.org"
Once you have created a SSH key, specify the key's path in the
authorize property of your
Configure Your Shared Folders
folders property of the
Homestead.yaml file lists all of the folders you wish to share with your Homestead environment. As files within these folders are changed, they will be kept in sync between your local machine and the Homestead environment. You may configure as many shared folders as necessary!
Configure Your Nginx Sites
Not familiar with Nginx? No problem. The
sites property allows you to easily map a "domain" to a folder on your Homestead environment. A sample site configuration is included in the
Homestead.yaml file. Again, you may add as many sites to your Homestead environment as necessary. Homestead can serve as a convenient, virtualized environment for every Laravel project you are working on!
To add Bash aliases to your Homestead box, simply add to the
aliases file in the root of the Homestead directory.
Launch The Vagrant Box
Once you have edited the
Homestead.yaml to your liking, run the
vagrant up command from the Homestead directory in your terminal. Vagrant will boot the virtual machine, and configure your shared folders and Nginx sites automatically!
Don't forget to add the "domains" for your Nginx sites to the
hosts file on your machine! The
hosts file will redirect your requests for the local domains into your Homestead environment. On Mac and Linux, this file is located at
/etc/hosts. On Windows, it is located at
C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc\hosts. The lines you add to this file will look like the following:
Once you have added the domain to your
hosts file, you can access the site via your web browser on port 8000!
To learn how to connect to your databases, read on!
Connecting Via SSH
To connect to your Homestead environment via SSH, you should connect to
127.0.0.1 on port 2222 using the SSH key you specified in your
Homestead.yaml file. You may also simply run the
vagrant ssh command from your
If you want even more convenience, it can be helpful to add the following alias to your
alias vm='ssh email@example.com -p 2222'
Connecting To Your Databases
homestead database is configured for both MySQL and Postgres out of the box. For even more convenience, Laravel's
local database configuration is set to use this database by default.
To connect to your MySQL or Postgres database from your main machine via Navicat or Sequel Pro, you should connect to
127.0.0.1 and port 33060 (MySQL) or 54320 (Postgres). The username and password for both databases is
Note: You should only use these non-standard ports when connecting to the databases from your main machine. You will use the default 3306 and 5432 ports in your Laravel database configuration file since Laravel is running within the Virtual Machine.
Adding Additional Sites
Once your Homestead environment is provisioned and running, you may want to add additional Nginx sites for your Laravel applications. You can run as many Laravel installations as you wish on a single Homestead environment. There are two ways to do this: First, you may simply add the sites to your
Homestead.yaml file and then run
Alternatively, you may use the
serve script that is available on your Homestead environment. To use the
serve script, SSH into your Homestead environment and run the following command:
serve domain.app /home/vagrant/Code/path/to/public/directory
Note: After running the
servecommand, do not forget to add the new site to the
hostsfile on your main machine!
The following ports are forwarded to your Homestead environment:
- SSH: 2222 -> Forwards To 22
- HTTP: 8000 -> Forwards To 80
- MySQL: 33060 -> Forwards To 3306
- Postgres: 54320 -> Forwards To 5432